|HB Footnotes A grade of C- or better is required in the following courses: LSC 101 Critical and Creative Thinking in the Life Sciences BIO 181 Introductory Biology: Ecology, Evolution, and Biodiversity BIO 183 Introductory Biology: Cellular and Molecular Biology GN 311 Principles of Genetics MB 351 General Microbiology MB 352 or 354 Microbiology Lab BCH 351 or 451 Biochemistry Physiology Requirement7 MA 131 Calculus for Life and Management Sciences A MA 231 Calculus for Life and Management Sciences B CH 101/102 Chemistry – A Molecular Science & Lab CH 221/222 Organic Chemistry I & Lab CH 223/224 Organic Chemistry II & Lab CH 201/202 Chemistry – A Quantitative Science & Lab PY 211 College Physics I PY 212 College Physics II ST 311 Introduction to Statistics Human Biology Electives4 Advanced Writing Requirement3 ENG 101 Academic Writing & Research Taking courses for credit only (S/U): PE, Free Electives and courses offered only for S/U credit can be applied to graduation requirements. Students should check with their adviser before electing to take any course that normally is graded A-F as an S/U course. 1 Mathematics Alternatives MA 141 and MA 241 can be substituted for MA 131 and MA 231. 2 Physics Alternatives PY 205 and PY 208 can be substitutes for PY 211 and PY 212. PY 205 and PY 208 are calculus-based and require that you take the 40 series of Mathematics1 (MA 141 and MA 241). PY 201 and PY 202 also can be substituted for PY 211 and PY 212. PY 201 and PY 202 are calculus-based, and require the 40 series of Mathematics1. 3 Advanced Writing Requirement (take one course) Cannot be double-counted for a GEP requirement. Select courses from the list of course options provided on your degree audit. 4 HB Electives (take 12 credit hours) Select courses from the list of course options provided on your degree audit. Students can use up to 3 hours of BIO 269, BSC 492, BSC 493, BSC 494, BSC 498, GN 453, or BIO 499 toward this requirement. 5Free Electives (take 11 credit hours) These electives cannot be remedial nor can they be taken at an elementary level after you have taken comparable coursework at a more advanced level. Students interested in graduate school or professional school should check the courses required for admission to the programs to which they plan to apply. 6 Additional Science and Math Electives (take 9 credit hours) Courses may be selected from the Sci & Math Electives list provided on your degree audit. Students also can use up to 3 hours of BEC/BIT 463, BIO 230, BIO 269, BIO 310, BIO 416, BIO 418, BIO 432, BIO 492, BIT 477, BIO 493,or BIO 498/499 (both must be completed), GN 453, MA 331, MB 470, ZO 334, or ZO 486 toward this requirement. 7 Physiology Requirement (take 7-8 credit hours) In choosing courses for this requirement, students should take into consideration the requirements of any graduate program to which they intend to apply. Students can take BIO 240 (4 cr) and BIO 245 (4 cr), or they can choose to take one of (BIO 240, BIO 245, or ZO 250) Plus a 300- or 400-level physiology course on the list (4 + 3 cr, in most cases). *General Education Program (GEP) requirements and GEP Footnotes To complete the requirements for graduation and the General Education Program, the following category credit hours and co-requisites must be satisfied. University approved GEP course lists for each of the following categories can be found at http://oucc.dasa.ncsu.edu/general-education-program-gep/gep-category-requirements/. See the Department of Biology website (HB Concentration) for a listing of course recommendations for GEP requirements. Introduction to Writing: ENG 101 (4 credit hours with a C- or better) Must be taken during the first year. Mathematical Sciences (6 credit hours; one course with MA or ST prefix) In HB, this GEP requirement is met through the Major course requirements. Natural Sciences (7 credit hours; include one laboratory course or course with a lab) In HB, this GEP requirement is met through the Major course requirements. Humanities (6 credit hours selected from two different disciplines/course prefixes) Choose from the University approved GEP Humanities course list. Some courses on this list will also meet the U.S. Diversity or Global Knowledge co-requisites. Social Sciences (6 credit hours selected from two different disciplines/course prefixes) Choose from the University approved GEP Social Sciences course list. Some courses on this list will also meet the U.S. Diversity or Global Knowledge co-requisites. Health & Exercise Studies (2 credit hours; at least one 100-level Fitness and Wellness Course) Choose from the University approved GEP Physical Education/Healthy Living course list. Additional Breadth (3 credit hours) Choose from the University approved GEP Humanities course list or the GEP Social Sciences course list or the GEP Visual & Performing Arts course list. Some courses on this list will also meet the U.S. Diversity or Global Knowledge co-requisites. Interdisciplinary Perspectives (5 credit hours) In HB, 2 credit hours of this GEP requirement is met through Major course requirements. For the remaining 3 credit hours, choose from the University approved GEP Interdisciplinary Perspectives course list. Some courses on this list will also meet the U.S. Diversity or Global Knowledge co-requisites. The following Co-Requisites must be satisfied to complete the General Education Program requirements U.S. Diversity (USD) Choose from the University approved GEP U.S. Diversity course list or choose a course identified on the approved GEP course lists as meeting the U.S. Diversity (USD) co-requisite. Global Knowledge (GK) Choose from the University approved GEP Global Knowledge course list or choose a course identified on the approved GEP course lists as meeting the Global Knowledge (GK) co-requisite. Foreign Language proficiency Proficiency at the FL_102 level is required for graduation.